Basics

24 guides & 126 illustrations

Basics

The engine

The engine is the heart of your car. It is a complex machine built to convert heat from burning...

Basics

How a car clutch works

The first stage in the transmission of a car with a manual gearbox is the clutch. It transmits en...

Basics

How a diesel engine works

Traditionally, diesel engines have always been seen as noisy, smelly and underpowered engines of ...

Basics

How a fuel pump works

A car engine burns a mixture of petrol and air. Petrol is pumped along a pipe from the tank...

Basics

How engine timing works

For an engine to work at its best, the fuel/air mixture in each cylinder must fire just as the...

Basics

How car suspension works

There are various ways of attaching the wheels of the car so that they can move up and down...

Basics

How the transmission works

Driving through a propeller shaft In a front-engined rear-wheel-drive car, power is transmitted ...

Basics

How manual gearboxes work

Internal-combustion engines run at high speeds, so a reduction in gearing is necessary to transm...